- Dead Sea Swim Challenge
- International Conference “Undisciplined Environments” of the European Network of Political Ecology to be held in Stockholm
- EcoPeace response to the newest updates of the "Red Sea Dead Sea Water Project Phase I"
- Haaretz Conference - On Our Doorstep - the Gaza Water and Energy Crisis, Scenarios
- New UN Report Predicts Gaza to be Uninhabitable in Less than 5 Years
- First Ever Regional Integrated Master Plan for the Jordan Valley
- Israel to Double Supply of Water to Gaza Starting This Week But Additional Urgent Efforts Still Needed
- EcoPeace Receives the Minister of Water and US Delegates at the SHE Ecopark
- EcoPeace responds to Jordanian Teachers Associations Accusations (Arabic)
- Israeli High Court Denies Request of Israeli Military to Approve Separation Barrier in Battir
- EcoPeace / FoEME celebrates 20 years, and reverts to original name ECOPEACE MIDDLE EAST
- Middle East and USA Sister City Partnerships launched
- In advance of the Donors' Conference in Cairo next week: EcoPeace / FoEME is releasing a Report on the Gaza Water, Sanitation and Energy Crisis
- The Israeli Government Decided Not to Decide
- Israeli Attorney General recommends that Government build Separation Barrier through Battir
- A new Israeli and Jordanian cooperation project
- Battir registered as World Heritage Site in Danger
- Pope Francis' visit to Jordan, the Holy Land and the JORDAN RIVER
- Israeli Military Removes Sulfuric Acid as Banned Substance
- Earth Day 2014 - Focus on Advancing Middle East Water Solutions
- Water and Middle East Peace on World Water Day 2014
- Following Comments on Water by President of EU: Clarifications by FoEME
- Israeli High Court of Justice on Battir: Issue is complex, need additional respondents
- WATER CANNOT WAIT campaign launch
- A conventional desalination project with a regional "water exchange" aspect is being signed today; NOT the Red Dead Canal
- Swedish Minister Concludes a Visit to the Mouth of the Jordan River and South Shuna
- International and Regional Water and Policy Experts Agreed: Trans-boundary Water Issues Can No Longer Wait
- Representatives of 3 Religions Sign on a Jordan River Covenant: 'Rehabilitate the Jordan River'
- Battir's Ancient Irrigated Landscape Declared an Endangered Cultural Site on the World Monument Fund's 2014 'Watch List'
- Rehabilitation of the Jordan River crucial for Water Security in the Middle East
- Israeli High Court of Justice Orders Israeli Military to Halt Building of Separation Wall in Battir
- Project ENTITLE up and running
- FoEME at World Water Day in the Hague
- Better Dead Than Red
- Friends of the Earth Middle East ranked in TOP 100 NGO's
- Epiphany Celebrations - Economic Benefits Lost from Rivers Dire State
- World Bank Study Irresponsible - Conclusions Do Not Match the Findings
- High Court Accepts the Petition of FoEME Against the Separation Barrier in Battir
- Israel Nature & Parks Authority in Response to FoEME Petition Against the Separation Barrier in Battir
- Route of Separation Barrier Threatens to Destroy Shared Palestinian / Israeli Cultural Landscape Site
- FoEME's response to Minister Shalom on the Red Dead Canal project
- FoEME's Response to the French Parliament's Report
- Israeli & Palestinian Ministers Agree on the Need to Reexamine the Operation and Structure of the Joint Water Committee
- Funeral for the Dead Sea
- FoEME awarded Mt. Zion Foundation Award
- Peacemakers Honored with Outstanding Leadership Award
- Water Justice Cannot Wait
- A $45 Million Investment in Hebron Waste Water Treatment Plant
- FoEME and Save our Sea Joint Event - A Mass Float in the Dead Sea
- In Response to the Israeli Government promotion of Dead Sea 7 World Wonders (Hebrew)
- We demand a Nuclear Free Zone in the Eastern Mediterranean and the Middle East
- FoEME youth release joint river song for International Day of Action for Rivers
- Israeli Knesset Committee calls for the Jordan River’s Rehabilitation to be a project of national priority
- A Model Water Agreement between Israel and the PA
- FoEME wins ARISTOTLE ONASSIS PRIZE FOR THE PROTECTION OF THE ENVIRONMENT
- FoEME statement in response to 'Anti-Normalization Committee' Press Release
- European Parliament passes historic resolution in support of regional rehabilitation of the Lower Jordan River
- FoEME wins EURO-MED DIALOGUE AWARD
- Big Jump 2010
Friends of the Earth Middle East Response to Statement of Israeli Civil Administration
as Regards Baptism at the Qasr el Yehud Site on the Lower Jordan River
- EcoPeace / Friends of the Earth Middle East (FoEME) calls on regional authorities to halt baptism in the Lower Jordan River until water quality standards for tourism activities are met
- FoEME to present the Jordan River Rehabilitation Project at the EU Parliament
- Credibility of World Bank at Stake on Red-Dead Conduit Study
- Two new reports on the Lower Jordan River released today
- Cut the Rhetoric: Don't hold water hostage to the Middle East conflict
- Vrede in Midden-Oosten afhankelijk van water
- Israeli Dead Sea Works calls for an additional evaporation pond - corporate cynicism at its worst?
- 15 Years Since Historical Israel-Jordan Peace Treaty
- Israeli, Palestinian and Jordanian activists issue a unified call for climate change solutions on largest international day of climate change action
- FoEME calls for Assurances for Palestinian Access to West Bank Baptism Site and Rehabilitation of the Lower Jordan River
- Dead Sea Subject to Cheap Politics
- Water Being Held Hostage to the Conflict
- EcoPeace / Friends of the Earth Middle East Receives Skoll Foundation Social Entrepreneurship Award
- EcoPeace / FoEME calls for an Immediate Cessation of Violence and for UNEP to Assess the Environmental Damages of the Conflict
- FoEME Calls Upon Our Governments to Meet Their Commitments to Rehabilitate the Lower Jordan River
- FoEME Side Event at Euro Med Water Conference
- Israeli, Jordanian and Palestinian Mayors meet to discuss the Regional Water Crisis
- FoEME honored by TIME Magazine as Heroes of the Environment 2008
- World Bank Conducting Less Than Professional Feasibility Study
- Red Dead Canal Launch 'Outrageously Irresponsible'
- Yale University to work with Jordanian, Palestinian and Israeli Architects in Creating Ideas for First Peace Park
- Jordan and Palestine Threatened by Global Warming
- Middle East faces security threats from global warming
- Regional Mayors Gathering on Cross Border Eco-Tourism
- World Bank to hold public hearing on Red Dead Canal
- Israeli / Palestinian Mayors sign on MoU
- Big Jump! into the Jordan River
- Gaza Strip - impending sanitation crisis with stoppage of fuel supply
- Jordan River Declared a World Endangered Cultural Heritage Site
- Climate Change May Further Erode Political Stability in the Middle East
- Failure to Cooperate on the Environment Kills
- Israeli Cabinet Decision on Red Dead Canal Irresponsible
- Save the Judean Desert
- Joint Planting Ceremony for Tu Bishvat in Tsur Hadassah / Wadi Fukin
- Jordanian / Israeli Cooperation at Southern Dead Sea
- Jordanian, Israeli Mayors Sign on Cross Border Agreement
- Environmental Issue Overrides Outdated IDF Decision
- Kayaking down the last stretch of clean water in the River Jordan
- Jordan River Mayors Commit To Water Cooperation
- World Bank Acting Contrary to Bank Guidelines Concerning Red Dead Study
- Israelis need to know environmental costs of war with Hezbollah
- The Separation Barrier in Wadi Fukin
- World Water Monitoring Day
- Lebanon Asks UNEP to Assess Environmental Damage of War
- Environmental Damage of Hezbollah-Israel War
- FoEME is Calling on All Parties to Immediately Cease the Use of Force
- Lebanese Oil Spill
- FoEME Calls on Both Sides to End Gaza Crisis
- Jordanians & Israelis Meet IN the Waters of the Lower Jordan River
- Friends of the Earth Middle East awarded ENERGY GLOBE PRIZE
- FoEME Calls on Quartet not to Stop Funding of Pollution Prevention Projects
- DEAD SEA - Declared Threatened Lake of the Year, 2006
- 700 Million Cubic Meters of Drinking Water Threatened by Pollution
- Ancient Agricultural Terraces Threatened By Settlement
- Egged Invites FoEME-Jordan to Ceremony
A Model Water Agreement between Israel and the PA
Tuesday, November 30, 2010
A Model Water Agreement between Israel and the PA
"Equitability and sustainability are two critical needs to mediate a solution to the crisis"
• Different than the Oslo agreement: this model is based on a dynamic agreement between the sides, and suggests an alternative to the "temporary" agreement in place since 1995.
• The model presents an institutional structure with four critical bodies to implement the principles for joint management, where two central bodies lead the process: a "Bilateral Water Commission" and a "Water Mediation Board".
• Principles of joint management: economically efficient water management; socially and politically equitable (not necessarily equal) water management; ecologically sustainable water management; management that would be implemented in practice
Friends of the Earth Middle East (FoEME) is launching today (Tuesday, November 30th, 2010) a new model water agreement between Israel and the Palestinian Authority. The model was prepared for the organization by water experts Dr. David Brooks and Dr. Julie Trottier, well versed in the Israeli Palestinian conflict and in the field of Middle East water, and will be presented at the "A Water Agreement Cannot Wait" conference, that will be held on Tuesday, November 30, 2010. Among the invited guests are MK Yoel Hasson, Head of the Lobby for Water Security from the Israeli Parliament, as well as members of the Palestinian Legislative Council. Other participants include Yitzhak Vald, mayor of Baka Gharbia, representatives from both the Israeli and Palestinian Water Authorities, and international water law experts from academia. The conference will discuss the presented model and shared water issues.
Different than the Oslo Agreement that divides the shared Mt. Aquifer waters like a pie between Israel and Palestine, FoEME suggests an innovative model of a dynamic agreement between the sides, taking into account changes in quantities of water due to years of drought and climate change, changing development needs and other factors. The model seeks to replace the "temporary" agreement composed in 1995 that has failed to safeguard the shared water resources, especially the Mt. Aquifer, allowing for over pumping by Israel, pollution of the groundwater and surface water originating in the West Bank and continuing into Israel, and the unfair allocation of shared water resources.
The suggestion put forth by FoEME is to adopt a shared management structure, led by the Israeli government, the Palestinian Authority and a third party. This innovative structure is based on solutions of ongoing conflicts on anything having to do with water usage – and does so in a way that effectively de-nationalizes and de-securitizes water uses. The model suggests basing the agreement between the two sides on four general objectives for shared water management: economically efficient water management; socially and politically equitable (not necessarily equal) water management; ecologically sustainable water management; management that would be implemented in practice.
The suggestion draws an institutional structure of four critical bodies to ensure the above goals, with two central bodies leading the process: the "Bilateral Water Commission" and the "Water Mediation Board". Each body is composed of an equal number of Israeli and Palestinian representatives, as well as a representative from an agreed-upon third country. The Bilateral Water Commission is to replace the current Joint Water Committee that has been in place since the Oslo Agreement, but different in the sense that it will be responsible for all shared waters, and not only water for Palestinians. This committee will decide on such issues as establishing limits for water withdrawals, standards for treatment and targets for releases of water from aquifers on the basis of the recommendations set by its advisory body, the "Scientific Advisory Office", comprised of a team assigned by both governments. In cases where the Bilateral Water Commission does not reach an agreement or there is opposition to a suggestion raised by one of the parties, the issue will then go to the "Water Mediation Board". This council will have a range of tools to mediate and resolve conflicts, including public meetings and scientific research. The Mediation Council will be assisted by another body, the "Local Water Management Board" that has the authority to give advice, and if needed, also the authority to represent local organizations.
In the end, the measurement of success for this process will not be the number of conflicts solved successfully by the Water Mediation Board, but the number of conflicts that were successfully solved by the natural negotiation process that did not even reach the table of the Water Mediation Board.
The institutional structure presented for management of shared Israeli-Palestinian water divides its power over water in several axes: between the Israeli and Palestinian governments; among several joint Israeli-Palestinian institutions; between scientific and political dimensions of management; and among institutions working over several scalar levels.
Nader el Khatib, Palestinian Director of Friends of the Earth Middle East: "The suggested agreement deals well with the lack of transparency and power games characteristic of the current Water Committee that cause the blockage of necessary projects from moving forward".
Munqeth Mehyar, Jordanian Director of Friends of the Earth Middle East says: "Contrary to agreements on land issues that see the resource as a "pie" to be sliced between the sides, water is a resource that moves and flows, crosses political boundaries, and can be reused again and again".
Gidon Bromberg, Israeli Director of Friends of the Earth Middle East, explains that "joint water management is a complex issue for Israelis and Palestinians, especially after long years of conflict between the two sides. However, this model agreement proves that we can, nonetheless, come to an agreement, without water being held hostage to the lack of progress in the peace process".
For more information:
Gidon Bromberg, Israeli Director, Friends of the Earth Middle East; 052-4532597
Nader Khatib, Palestinian Director, Friends of the Earth Middle East; 059-9606544
Munqeth Mehyar, Jordanian Director, Friends of the Earth Middle East; +962-777548477