Jordan River Covenant

As part of this campaign FoEME is launching the Jordan River Covenant - a visionary document which both condemns the degradation of the valley and expresses our vision of a healthy, living river. We are asking faith based leadership, national leaders and members of the public to endorse this document as an expression of their support for the rehabilitation of the Lower Jordan River.


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Water, Ecology and the Jordan River in the Christian Tradition

This is a toolkit of information to help Christian communities learn about the condition of the Jordan River and join in efforts to rehabilitate the once mighty Jordan. The document describes the demise of the Jordan River, what went wrong, and why it matters; provides a compilation of writings about the place of the Jordan River in the Christian tradition, texts, prayers, songs, poems, essays and lesson plans to assist educators in designing programs for a wide range of age groups as well as suggestions for how your community can support regional efforts to rehabilitate the Jordan River.

Additional resources are available at www.SavetheJordan.com


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Water, Ecology and the Jordan River in Islam

This is a toolkit of information to help Muslim communities learn about the condition of the Jordan River and join in efforts to rehabilitate the once mighty Jordan. The document describes the demise of the Jordan River, what went wrong, and why it matters; provides a compilation of writings about the place of the Jordan River in the Muslim tradition, texts, prayers, songs, poems, essays and lesson plans to assist educators in designing programs for a wide range of age groups as well as suggestions for how your community can support regional efforts to rehabilitate the Jordan River.

Additional resources are available at www.SavetheJordan.com


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Water, Ecology and the Jordan River in the Jewish Tradition

This is a toolkit of information to help Jewish communities learn about the condition of the Jordan River and join in efforts to rehabilitate the once mighty Jordan. The document describes the demise of the Jordan River, what went wrong, and why it matters; provides a compilation of writings about the place of the Jordan River in the Jewish tradition, texts, prayers, songs, poems, essays and lesson plans to assist educators in designing programs for a wide range of age groups as well as suggestions for how your community can support regional efforts to rehabilitate the Jordan River.

Additional resources are available at www.SavetheJordan.com


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Draft Regional NGO Master Plan for the Lower Jordan River Valley Baseline Report

Released February 2014 – This Baseline Report issued by Royal HaskoningDHV (RHDHV) in partnership with CORE Associates (Palestine), MASAR (Jordan) and DHVMED (Israel) on behalf of FoEME and its partners provides the first ever attempt to synergize data from Israel, Jordan and Palestine on a wide range of critical areas necessary for sustainable water and integrated management of the Lower Jordan River.

The report covers issues including: geography, land use and infrastructure, water resources and supply, environment and ecology, cultural heritage, and the climate change related impacts on the basin as well as socio-economic issues such as population, agriculture, tourism and industries and water requirements. It also provides an overview of the major stakeholders and their organizations in the basin. Finally its describes how the basin is governed, including the Jordanian, Israeli and Palestinian governance systems, the geo-political context and the international legal and co-operation agreements that have been signed. This baseline report concludes with the major challenges that the people in the basin and their governments are facing, both nationally as well as jointly.

Click HERE for the report (and not on the icon under the cover photo)


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Regional NGO Master Plan for the Lower Jordan River Valley Inception Report
Released January 2013 - This Inception Report issued by Royal HaskoningDHV (RHDHV) in partnership with CORE Associates (Palestine), MASAR (Jordan) and DHVMED (Israel) on behalf of FoEME and its partners provides a detailed overview of the project to develop the Regional NGO Master Plan for the Lower Jordan River Valley. The report includes detailed descriptions on the project's objectives and outputs, expert team, scope of work, background work to date, data collection, workplan, public consultation process and more. 
 
This publication, as part of the Regional NGO Master Plan (SWIM-JR) Project, is supported by the European Union’s Sustainable Water Integrated Management (SWIM) Programme.

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Lower Jordan River - Economic Benefits Study
This Regional Benefits Study provides a critical scientific tool to help decision makers determine how water resources should be allocated in the Lower Jordan River basin by identifying the benefits that can be derived from various rehabilitation scenarios.  It’s findings provide decision makers, donors, and regional actors with insight and appraisal of opportunities for development that would result from a rehabilitated Lower Jordan River.  These results identify positive-sum outcomes to responsible river management and rehabilitation of the Lower Jordan River.
 
Click here for the Arabic version of the Report
Click here for the Hebrew version of the Report
Click here for the Executive Summary in English
Click here for the Executive Summary in Hebrew
Click here for the Executive Summary in Arabic
Click here for a power point presentation about this study

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Take Me Over the Jordan
This concept document is intended as an update to EcoPeace/ Friends of the Earth Middle East’s (FoEME) March 2005 publication, Crossing the Jordan: Concept Document to Rehabilitate, Promote Prosperity and Help Bring Peace to the Lower Jordan River Valley.
 
This revision synthesizes the earlier document with research FoEME has since published: an environmental flows report on the rehabilitation of the river; economic analyses of opportunities to conserve and produce water in Palestine, Jordan, and Israel; a roadmap for Israel in the initial phase of the rehabilitation of the Jordan River; and a study of the shared economic benefits of the river’s rehabilitation. This document refers to new studies that will be completed shortly, such as faithbased toolkits to engage the Muslim, Christian, and Jewish communities in river rehabilitation, a regional NGO master plan for the Lower Jordan River, and the publication of a proposal for a Model Basin Commission for the Lower Jordan River.
 


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Jordan River Brochure
See a new set of brochures, with photos, maps, and a short description of the Jordan River Valley with an up-to-date overview of the natural and cultural highlights of the Lower Jordan River Valley, the threats facing the river, and Friends of the Earth Middle East's recommendations.  

Cick under the photo at the right for the English version, and here for Hebrew and Arabic versions.


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Roadmap for the Rehabilitation of the Lower Jordan River
This report, prepared by DHV Consultancy and Engineers on behalf of FoEME Tel Aviv using the innovative WEAP program, integrates the most up-to-date data regarding water sources, land and water use in the basin, climate change impacts, national plans that relate to the Lower Jordan and more, to give a clear projection for the future of the Lower Jordan and offer solutions for how Israeli decision makers can directly contribute to the river's rehabilitation.
 
The model demonstrates that a combination of implementing the mid-term plans already being advanced by the Israeli government, and cost effective water demand management strategies advocated by FoEME, can return fresh water back into the Lower Jordan River to meet environmental flow recommendations.
 
Click here for a power point presentation on this report.
Click here for the Hebrew Executive Summary of this report.
Click here for the English Executive Summary of this report.

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Towards a Living Jordan River
An Environmental Flows Report on the Rehabilitation of the Lower Jordan River

This new environmental flows study provides a first-ever regional study of the Lower Jordan River undertaken by Jordanian, Israeli and Palestinian experts. It identifies the current conditions of the Lower Jordan River and proposes a regional strategy to rehabilitate the historic river.

This study concludes that 400-600 million cubic meters (mcm) of water are needed to rehabilitate the Lower Jordan River. FoEME recommends that Israel allocate 220 mcm, Syria 100 mcm and Jordan 90 mcm of water to meet this rehabilitation goal. In addition, FoEME recommends that Palestine, as a riparian to the river, receive a fair share of the Lower Jordan River's water resources.

Click on the PDF eye icon to the right for the FULL report in English.-->
Click here for the Executive Summary in Hebrew
Click here for the Executive Summary in Arabic
Click here for a power point presentation on the Environment Flows study

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An Economic Analysis of Policy Options for Water Conservation in Israel
This report provides an analysis of opportunities to conserve freshwater within Israel. It estimates the water savings from a range of different policies. The study primarily addresses demand management measures, as these have already been identified as representing the cheapest, technologically easiest, and most environmentally beneficial means of living within a strict water budget.
 
The study concludes that over 690 million cubic meters (mcm) of freshwater per year could potentially be available for conservation efforts. Of this, over 500 mcm can potentially be conserved at costs less than the marginal cost of water, i.e., the cost of desalination. An additional 150+ mcm of water per year can be conserved with current technology, but at costs that make it uncompetitive with desalination. Implementing the cost-effective measures would make unnecessary three large desalination plants, or alternatively, would free up water that could be returned to the natural flows of rivers. This amount represents nearly half of the natural flow of the Lower Jordan River.
 
Click here for this study in HEBREW

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Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis Report - Jordan
This report provides an analysis of opportunities to conserve freshwater resources in Jordan.  Based on the analysis of the present status of water resources in Jordan and existing regulatory tools, possible alternatives of water savings in each sector of the Jordanian economy were identified and evaluated for their cost-effectiveness.
 
The report concludes that an estimated 288 million cubic meters of water could be conserved in Jordan using strategies that are both cost effective and are relatively feasible.

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Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis Report - Palestine
This report provides an analysis of opportunities to conserve freshwater resources in Palestine.
 
The report identifies an estimated 92 million cubic meters of water that could be conserved in Palestine through water saving strategies. This quantity of water would not be directed to rehabilitate the Lower Jordan River, as Palestine diverts next to no water from the Lower Jordan River system, rather water savings could improve conservation efforts and highlight the need for Palestine to receive a fair share of the river's water.

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Towards A Living Jordan River
An Economic Analysis of Policy Options for Water Conservation in Jordan, Israel and Palestine.

This economic study concludes that 517 million cubic meters (mcm) of water can be saved/produced in Israel, an additional 305 mcm in Jordan and 92 mcm in Palestine, at less than the marginal cost of water. In all, nearly a billion cubic meters of water can be saved in the region - part of which, from Israel and Jordan, can be utilized to meet the rehabilitation goal for the Lower Jordan River and to restore Palestinian water rights.

Click here for an Executive Summary of the TDA in English.

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Implementing water markets in the Jordan Valley to insure environmental flows in drought periods
Water markets are among the tools implemented to help sustain environmental flows in basins facing water scarcity issues worldwide. We explore here the possibility of such a market for the Jordan River Basin, with a buy-back mechanism limited to drought periods. The mechanism, inspired by Australian experiences, could contribute to the rehabilitation of the Lower Jordan River, by recovering water for the River from the agricultural sector, based on farmers’ voluntary participation.

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Water and Sanitation in the Palestinian Jordan Valley: A 2011 Snapshot
‘Water and Sanitation in the Palestinian Jordan Valley: A 2011 Snapshot’ is a study undertaken by EcoPeace/Friends of the Earth Middle East (FoEME) to strengthen the knowledge base on the current water and sanitation situation in the Palestinian Jordan Valley. Compiled from a variety of sources, and substantiated by field research, the study seeks to shed light on the stark reality of water scarcity and environmental degradation in the Palestinian Jordan Valley.

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Economic Benefits of Access to a Healthy Lower Jordan River for Palestinian Economy
FoEME has undertaken this report with the aim to highlight the importance of a healthy Jordan River for the economic benefits of the West Bank, and to foster Palestinian political and public support for the rehabilitation of this historical river. Six development options are highlighted within the paper, and each option could be considered as one piece of a larger plan towards the sustainable development of the Palestinian economy. This report takes as its starting point the necessity of securing fair access and equitable allocation of freshwater resources for the development of the Palestine economy.
You can also read this report in power point presentation format here.

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Environmental Flows and River Basin Management: Case Studies Towards Exploring Best Practices
An environmental flow is the water allocated to a given managed watercourse to maintain a healthy ecosystem when unsustainable usage of water resources has strained them beyond their capacity to function, or is projected to in the future.

This paper outlines best practice approaches for providing environmental flows to regulated river water systems in order to maintain their ecological health. Several case studies are examined that draw on different political contexts and institutional arrangements.

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Crossing the Jordan
Concept Document to Rehabilitate, Promote Prosperity and Help Bring Peace to the Lower Jordan River Valley.

This concept document is not the end product but rather the start of a regional effort to raise awareness, educate and influence decision makers, the media and the public at large as to the current demise of the Lower Jordan River.

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TIME magazine awards FoEME Heroes of the Environment
Time magazine has chosen FoEME's 3 Directors, Nader Khateeb (Palestinian Director), Munqeth Mehyar (Jordanian Director) and Gidon Bromberg (Isreali Director) as this year's Heroes of the Environment 2008!

TIME correspondent, Andrew Lee Butters writes that "FoEME understands that the road to sustainability, like the road to peace, is going to be a slow, messy human project of community organizing, education and trust-building..." and that FoEME's projects "encourage local leaders to reach out across conflict lines and make contact for the first time with local politicians on the other side... a step toward creating an atmosphere of trust and respect that serves the broader goal of peace."

Click HERE for the article (and not on the icon under the cover photo on the right).

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Time to Rehabilitate the Jordan River
This brochure (Hebrew) was distributed during a large Israeli choral festival held on the shores of the Sea of Galilee.  It calls for the rehabilitation of the Lower Jordan River, and was distributed to the many participants at the festival, together with a template letter (postcard) calling for action.

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Nature, Agriculture and the Price of Water in Israel
The amount of water used by agriculture in Israel is directly proportional to the price farmers pay for water. This paper calls for a rethinking of the social priorities in Israel and seeks to advance public debate on the rehabilitation of ecological systems.


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The Unholy State of the Lower Jordan River: A Call for Action
This article, entitled "The Unholy State of the Lower Jordan River: A Call for Action" was written for the Johns Hopkins University's Global Water Program.  It describes the state of the Lower Jordan River, 2010, with references to FoEME's latest reports and includes calls for action.

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Will the Jordan River Keep on Flowing?
This article from the Yale University's Environment 360 magazine describes the massive withdrawals for irrigation, rapid population growth, and a paralyzing regional conflict that have all led to the draining of nearly all the water from this fabled river.

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The Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability
A groundbreaking interdisciplinary resource for 21st century students and professionals that provides the knowledge and solutions we need to transform our common future.

This is a clip from the Encyclopedia, the "Jordan River Project", written by Gidon Bromberg. (Used with permission, originally published in the Encyclopedia of Sustainability (c) Berkshire Publishing Group 2010, and provided here for individual use only and not for redistribution in any form)

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Israel Horizons - Demise of the Jordan River
Extracted article from the Winter 2006 edition of Israel Horizons magazine, about the Demise of the Lower Jordan River Valley and how a looming ecological disaster may foster Mideast cooperation.


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Brochure - Let the Jordan River Flow
This brochure, with photos, map, and a short description of the Jordan River Valley opens up to an overview explaining the natural and cultural highlights of the Lower Jordan River Valley, the threats facing the river, and Friends of the Earth Middle East's recommendations.

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Poster - Let the Jordan River Flow
This poster calls for the rehabilitation of the Jordan River - NOW!

It has been produced in Hebrew and Arabic as well.

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Can the Jordan roll again?
 A feature article on FoEME's Jordan River work - on the cover of the July 2012 Christian Century magazine, written by FoEME's own Rabbi Michael Schwartz

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