The Water, Sanitation and Energy Crises in Gaza

This report was completed days before the outbreak of the latest round of Hamas – Israel hostilities and was shared in draft form with Israeli, Palestinian, and international stakeholders. The report is now updated with a foreword to include ramifications and recommendations for immediate measures needed post hostilities, should the ceasefire indeed continue to hold and negotiations for a more permanent agreement advance.


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A Model Water Agreement between Israel and the PA - Revised
This report, "An Agreement to Share Water between Israelis and Palestinians", puts forward a proposal for joint management of water shared by Israelis and Palestinians. In concept, it is a modern approach to managing water that flows along, across or under a state border – a “post-modern” approach.
 
This revised version is now supported by additional background information, explanatory materials, and references to the literature. In addition, the revised version responds directly to the critiques that have been received, presents three case studies, and suggests specific steps that could be taken to move the Proposal from concept to realization in legislation by the two governments.
 
Full publication (English with Hebrew and Arabic Executive Summary & Chapter 6, click on the eye icon, under the cover photo, on the right ---->)

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A Model Water Agreement between Israel and the PA
Different than the Oslo agreement, this model is based on a dynamic agreement between the sides, and suggests an alternative to the "temporary" agreement in place since 1995.
 
The model presents an institutional structure with four critical bodies to implement the principles for joint management, where two central bodies lead the process: a "Bilateral Water Commission" and a "Water Mediation Board".
 
Principles of joint management include: economically efficient water management; socially and politically equitable (not necessarily equal) water management; ecologically sustainable water management; management that would be implemented in practice.
 
Full publication (English with Hebrew and Arabic Executive Summary & Chapter 4, click on the eye icon, under the cover photo, on the right ---->)
 
Click below for a:

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Model Water Accord (Older Version)
This document was prepared by water experts from the region and abroad and constitutes a detailed agreement for cooperation in addressing common Israeli and Palestinian water challenges and in managing shared natural resources.

Click here to read a summary of the report, entitled "Confronting Water in an Israeli-Palestinian Peace Agreement"

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Model Environment Accord
This document was prepared by Israeli and Palestinian environmental experts and constitutes a detailed agreement for cooperation in addressing common Israeli and Palestinian environmental challenges and in managing shared natural resources.

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Water Justice: Water as a Human Right in Israel (Hebrew)
This publication is part of a Heinrich Boell Foundation series on Water as a Human Right in the Middle East. The study focuses on national realities, but also offers a base for a comprehensive understanding of the regional picture following the criteria of the UN concept of Water as a Human Right.


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Water Justice: Water as a Human Right in Israel
This is the English translation of the above publication. As stated, it is part of the Heinrich Boell Foundation's series on Water as a Human Right in the Middle East. It focuses on national realities, but also offers a base for a comprehensive understanding of the regional picture following the criteria of the UN concept of Water as a Human Right.

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